|The Rolling Stones|
|Mick Jagger, Keith Richards
Ronnie Wood, Charlie Watts
|Also known as||The Stones, The Strolling Bones|
|Origin||London, England, United Kingdom|
|Genres||rhythm and blues|
|Labels||Decca, London, Rolling Stones, Virgin, ABKCO, Interscope, Polydor|
The Rolling Stones are an English rock band formed in London in 1962. The earliest settled line-up consisted of Brian Jones (guitar, harmonica), Ian Stewart (keyboards, piano), Mick Jagger (lead vocals, harmonica), Keith Richards (guitar, vocals), Bill Wyman (bass) and Charlie Watts (drums). Since Wyman’s retirement in 1993, the band’s full members have been Jagger, Richards, Watts and guitarist Ronnie Wood who joined in 1975. Regular contributors bassist Darryl Jones and keyboardist Chuck Leavell are not full band members. The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame inducted the Rolling Stones in 1989, noting that “critical acclaim and popular consensus has accorded them the title of the “World’s Greatest Rock and Roll Band.” Rolling Stone magazine ranked them 4th on their “100 Greatest Artists of All Time” list, and their album sales are estimated to have been more than 200 million worldwide.
The Rolling Stones were popular in Europe and then became successful in North America during the mid-1960s 
The Rolling Stones emergence brought greater international recognition to the primitive blues typified by 
 Early history
Keith Richards and Mick Jagger were childhood friends and classmates in 
Stewart found a practice space and joined with Jones to start an R&B band playing Chicago blues. Besides Stewart, Jones, and Jagger, the first rehearsal of the as-yet-unnamed band also included Richards attending at Jagger’s behest. Also at the first rehearsal were guitarist Geoff Bradford and vocalist Brian Knight, both of whom refused to join the band citing objections to playing the Chuck Berry and Bo Diddley songs preferred by Jagger and Richards. In June 1962 the line-up was: Jagger, Jones, Richards, Stewart, Taylor, and drummer Tony Chapman. According to Richards, Jones christened the band during a phone call to Jazz News. When asked for a band name Jones saw a Muddy Waters LP lying on the floor of which one of the tracks was “Rollin’ Stone“.
Jagger, Richards and Jones with Stewart and Taylor on bass billed as “the Rollin’ Stones” played their first gig in July 1962 at the 
Oldham approached Decca Records, which regretted passing on the Beatles, and signed the Rolling Stones to very favorable terms. They got three times a new act’s typical royalty rate, full artistic control of recordings, and ownership of the recording masters.
Oldham presented the Rolling Stones’ use of independent studios to position his artists in the music press as more independent than the Beatles. Oldham said the Beatles’ obligation to record in 
“we were the first pop group to break away from the whole Cliff Richard thing where the bands did little dance steps, wore identical uniforms and had snappy patter”. – Bill Wyman
A cover of Chuck Berry’s “
During this tour the Rolling Stones recorded their second single, a Not Fade Away“, itself based on Bo Diddley’s hit, was released in February 1964 and reached No. 3.
Oldham saw little future for an act that lost significant songwriting royalties by playing songs of “middle-aged blacks,” limiting the appeal to teenage audiences. At Oldham’s urging, Jagger and Richards co-wrote songs, the first batch of which he described as “soppy and imitative.”
The Rolling Stones’ first US tour, in June 1964, was, in Bill Wyman’s words, “a disaster.” “When we arrived, we didn’t have a hit record [there] or anything going for us.”
“The Stones” followed  like their first album, it contained mainly cover tunes, augmented by Jagger/Richards and Nanker Phelge tracks.
The Rolling Stones’ fifth UK single – a cover of Willie Dixon’s “Little Red Rooster” backed by “Off the Hook” credited to Nanker Phelge – was released in November 1964 and became their second No.1 hit in the UK – an unprecedented achievement for a blues number. The band’s US distributors (London Records) declined to release “Little Red Rooster” as a single there. In December 1964 London Records released the band’s first single with Jagger/Richards originals on both sides: “Heart of Stone” backed with “What a Shame”; “Heart of Stone” went to number 19 in the US.
The band’s second UK LP – 
The first Jagger/Richards composition to reach number 1 on the UK singles charts was “The Last Time” (released in February 1965); it went to number 9 in the US. It was also later identified by Richards as “the bridge into thinking about writing for the Stones. It gave us a level of confidence; a pathway of how to do it.”
Their first international number-1 hit was “
The US version of the LP 
Goin’ Home“, the first extended jam on a top-selling rock & roll album.
The Stones’ success on the British and American singles charts peaked during 1966. “Mother’s Little Helper” (June 1966) was only released as a single in the US, where it reached number 8; it was one of the first pop songs to address the issue of prescription drug abuse. Notably, Jagger sang the lyric in his natural London accent, rather than his usual affected southern-US accent.
The September 1966 single “Peter Whitehead.
Sample of “(I Can’t Get No) Satisfaction” by the Rolling Stones (1965).
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January 1967 saw the release of 
Jagger, Richards and Jones began to be hounded by authorities over their recreational drug use in early 1967, after News of the World ran a three-part feature entitled “Pop Stars and Drugs: Facts That Will Shock You”. The series described alleged LSD parties hosted by The Moody Blues and attended by top stars including The Who‘s Pete Townshend and Cream‘s Ginger Baker, and alleged admissions of drug use by leading pop musicians. The first article targeted Donovan (who was raided and charged soon after); the second instalment (published on 5 February) targeted the Rolling Stones.
A reporter who contributed to the story spent an evening at the exclusive London club Blaise’s, where a member of the Rolling Stones allegedly took several Benzedrine tablets, displayed a piece of hashish and invited his companions back to his flat for a “smoke”. The article claimed that this was Mick Jagger, but it turned out to be a case of mistaken identity—the reporter had in fact been eavesdropping on Brian Jones. On the night the article was published Jagger appeared on the Eamonn Andrews chat show and announced that he was filing a writ for libel against the paper.
A week later on Sunday 12 February, Sussex police, tipped off by the 
In March, while awaiting the consequences of the police raid, Jagger, Richards and Jones took a short trip to 
On 10 May 1967—the same day Jagger, Richards and Fraser were arraigned in connection with the Redlands charges—Brian Jones’ house was raided by police and he was arrested and charged with possession of William Rees-Mogg was strongly critical of the sentencing, pointing out that Jagger had been treated far more harshly for a minor first offence than “any purely anonymous young man”.
While awaiting the appeal hearings, the band recorded a new single, “
December 1967 also saw the release of 
Satanic Majesties thus became the first album the Rolling Stones produced on their own. It was also the first of their albums released in identical versions on both sides of the Atlantic. Its psychedelic sound was complemented by the cover art, which featured a 3D photo by Michael Cooper, who had also photographed the cover of Sgt. Pepper. Bill Wyman wrote and sang a track on the album: “In Another Land“, which was also released as a single, the first on which Jagger did not sing lead vocal.
The band spent the first few months of 1968 working on material for their next album. Those sessions resulted in the song “Sympathy for the Devil“.
Beggars Banquet was well received at the time of release. Richards said, “There is a change between material on Satanic Majesties and Beggars Banquet. I’d grown sick to death of the whole Maharishi guru shit and the beads and bells. Who knows where these things come from, but I guess [the music] was a reaction to what we’d done in our time off and also that severe dose of reality. A spell in prison… will certainly give you room for thought… I was fucking pissed with being busted. So it was, ‘Right we’ll go and strip this thing down.’ There’s a lot of anger in the music from that period.” Richards started using open tunings for rhythm parts (often in conjunction with a capo), most prominently an open-E or open-D tuning in 1968. Beginning in 1969, he often used 5-string open-G tuning (with the lower 6th string removed), as heard on the 1969 single “Honky Tonk Women“, “Brown Sugar” (Sticky Fingers, 1971), “Tumbling Dice” (capo IV), “Happy” (capo IV) (Exile on Main St., 1972), and “Start Me Up” (Tattoo You, 1981).
The end of 1968 saw the filming of Taj Mahal. The footage was shelved for twenty-eight years but was finally released officially in 1996.
By the release of Beggars Banquet, Brian Jones was increasingly troubled and was only sporadically contributing to the band. Jagger said that Jones was “not psychologically suited to this way of life”.East Sussex.
The Rolling Stones were scheduled to play at a free concert for Johnny Winter number.
Also performed, but previously unheard by the audience, were Midnight Rambler and Love In Vain from their forthcoming album Let It Bleed (released December 1969) and Give Me A Drink from their forthcoming album Exile On Main Street (released May 1972). The show also included the concert debut of Honky Tonk Women, which the band had just released the previous day. The Blackhill Enterprises stage manager Sam Cutler introduced them as “the greatest rock & roll band in the world”, a description he repeated throughout their 1969 US tour, and which has stuck to this day (Cutler left Blackhill Enterprises to become the Stones’ road manager following the Hyde Park concert).
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The release of citation needed]
Other tracks include “Love in Vain“. Jones and Taylor are featured on two tracks each. Many of these numbers were played during the band’s US tour in November 1969, their first in three years.
Just after the tour the band performed at the 
At the turn of the decade the band appeared on the BBC’s highly rated review of the sixties music scene Andy Warhol.
The album contains one of their best known hits, “Brown Sugar“, and the country-influenced “Dead Flowers“. Both were recorded at Alabama‘s Muscle Shoals Sound Studio during the 1969 American tour. The album continued the band’s immersion into heavily blues-influenced compositions. The album is noted for its “loose, ramshackle ambience” and marked Mick Taylor’s first full release with the band.
Following the release of Sticky Fingers, the Rolling Stones left England after receiving financial advice. They moved to the South of France, where Richards rented the Terry Southern.
In November 1972, the band began sessions in Kingston, Jamaica, for their follow-up to Exile, Goats Head Soup (UK 1; US 1) (1973). The album spawned the worldwide hit “Angie“, but proved the first in a string of commercially successful but tepidly received studio albums. The sessions for Goats Head Soup led to a number of outtakes, most notably an early version of the popular ballad “Waiting on a Friend“, not released until Tattoo You eight years later.
The making of the record was interrupted by another legal battle over drugs, dating back to their stay in France; a warrant for Richards’ arrest had been issued, and the other band members had to return briefly to France for questioning.
The band went to Musicland studios in the single of the same name were hits.
Near the end of 1974, Taylor began to lose patience.
Taylor said in 1980, “I was getting a bit fed up. I wanted to broaden my scope as a guitarist and do something else… I wasn’t really composing songs or writing at that time. I was just beginning to write, and that influenced my decision… There are some people who can just ride along from crest to crest; they can ride along somebody else’s success. And there are some people for whom that’s not enough. It really wasn’t enough for me.”
The Rolling Stones needed to find a replacement for Taylor and the recording sessions for the next album, Black and Blue (UK 2; US 1) (1976) in Munich provided an opportunity for some hopefuls to work while trying out for the band. Guitarists as stylistically disparate as Peter Frampton (Humble Pie‘s lead guitarist) and Jeff Beck (ex-Yardbirds virtuoso) were auditioned as well as Shuggie Otis. Both Beck and Irish blues rock guitarist Rory Gallagher later claimed that they had played without realising they were being auditioned, and both agreed that they would never have joined. American session players Wayne Perkins and Harvey Mandel also worked on much of the album but Richards and Jagger had a preference for the band to remain purely British. When Ronnie Wood auditioned, everyone agreed that he was the right choice.
Wood had already recorded and played live with Richards, and had contributed to the recording and writing of the track “It’s Only Rock ‘n Roll”. He had earlier declined Jagger’s offer to join the Stones, because of his ties to 
Wood committed to the Rolling Stones in 1975 for their upcoming Tour of the Americas. He officially joined the band the following year, as the Faces dissolved. Unlike the other band members, however, Wood was a salaried employee and remained so until Wyman’s departure nearly two decades later, when Wood finally became a full member of the Rolling Stones’ partnership.
Richards’ addiction to heroin delayed his arrival in Toronto; the other members had already assembled, awaiting Richards, and sent him a telegram asking him where he was. On 24 February 1977, when Richards and his family flew in from London, they were temporarily detained by 
Later the Crown prosecutor conceded that Richards had procured the drugs after arrival.
On 4 March, Richards’ partner 
It also contributed to the end of his relationship with Pallenberg, which had become strained since the death of their third child (an infant son named Tara). In addition, Pallenberg was unable to curb her heroin addiction while Keith struggled to get clean.
Although the Rolling Stones remained popular through the first half of the 1970s, music critics had grown increasingly dismissive of the band’s output, and record sales failed to meet expectations.
This changed in 1978, after the band released Saturday Night Live. The group did not tour Europe the following year, breaking the routine of touring Europe every three years that the band had followed since 1967.
Following the success of Some Girls, the band released their next album 
In early 1981, the group reconvened and decided to tour the US that year, leaving little time to write and record a new album, as well as rehearse for the tour. That year’s resulting album, Tattoo You (UK 2; US 1), featured a number of outtakes, including lead single “Start Me Up“, which reached No.2 in the US and ranked No.22 on Billboard’s Hot 100 year-end chart. Two songs (“Waiting on a Friend” (US No. 13) and “Tops”) featured Mick Taylor’s guitar playing, while jazz saxophonist Sonny Rollins played on “Slave” and dubbed a part on “Waiting on a Friend”.
The Rolling Stones scored one more Top Twenty hit on the Billboard Hot 100 in 1982, the No.20 hit “American Tour 1981 was their biggest, longest and most colourful production to date, with the band playing from 25 September through 19 December. It was the highest grossing tour of that year.
Some shows were recorded, resulting in the 1982 live album Meadowlands, New Jersey. Also in 1981, they played a concert at Chicago’s Checkerboard Lounge with Muddy Waters, in what would be one of his last public appearances before his death in 1983.
In mid-1982, to commemorate their 20th anniversary, the Rolling Stones took their American stage show to Europe. The CBS Records.
Before leaving Atlantic, the Rolling Stones released CBS Records took over distributing the Stones’ Atlantic catalogue.
By this time, the Jagger/Richards split was growing. Much to the consternation of Richards, Jagger had signed a solo deal with CBS Records, and he spent much of 1984 writing songs for this first solo effort. He has also stated that he was feeling stultified within the framework of the Rolling Stones.
In June 1985, Jagger teamed up with rock musician 
Dirty Work was released in March 1986 to mixed reviews despite the presence of the US Top Five hit “
In early 1989, the Rolling Stones, including Mick Taylor, Ronnie Wood and Ian Stewart (posthumously), were inducted into the American Nigel Finch.
The subsequent Live at the Max released in 1991.
These were the last Rolling Stones tours for Bill Wyman, who left the band after years of deliberation, although his retirement was not made official until January 1993. He then published Stone Alone, an autobiography based on scrapbooks and diaries he had been keeping since the band’s early days. A few years later he formed Bill Wyman’s Rhythm Kings and began recording and touring again.
After the successes of the Steel Wheels/Urban Jungle tours, the band took a break. Charlie Watts released two jazz albums; Ronnie Wood recorded his fifth solo album, the first in 11 years, called Slide On This; Keith Richards released his second solo album in late 1992, Main Offender (UK 45; US 99), and did a small tour including big concerts in Spain and Argentina. Mick Jagger got good reviews and sales with his third solo album, Wandering Spirit (UK 12; US 11). The album sold more than two million copies worldwide, going gold in the US.
After Wyman’s departure, the Rolling Stones’ new distributor/record label, Virgin Records, remastered and repackaged the band’s back catalogue from Sticky Fingers to Steel Wheels, except for the three live albums, and issued another hits compilation in 1993 entitled Jump Back (UK 16; US 30). By 1993 the Rolling Stones set upon their next studio album. Darryl Jones, former sideman of Miles Davis and Sting, was chosen by Charlie Watts as Wyman’s replacement for 1994’s Voodoo Lounge (UK 1; US 2). The album met strong reviews and sales, going double platinum in the US. Reviewers took note of the album’s “traditionalist” sounds, which were credited to the Rolling Stones’ new producer Don Was. It would go on to win the 1995 Grammy Award for Best Rock Album.
1994 also brought the accompanying 
The Rolling Stones were the first major recording artists to broadcast a concert over the Internet; a 20-minute video was broadcast on 18 November 1994 using the Mbone at 10 frames per second. The broadcast, engineered by Thinking Pictures and financed by Sun Microsystems, was one of the first demonstrations of streaming video; while it was not a true webcast, it introduced many to the technology.
The Rolling Stones ended the 1990s with the album Bridges to Babylon (UK 6; US 3), released in 1997 to mixed reviews. The video of the single “Anybody Seen My Baby?” featured Angelina Jolie as guest and met steady rotation on both MTV and VH1. Sales were reasonably equivalent to those of previous records (about 1.2 million copies sold in the US), and the subsequent Bridges to Babylon Tour, which crossed Europe, North America and other destinations, proved the band to be a strong live attraction. Once again, a live album was culled from the tour, No Security (UK 67; US 34), only this time all but two songs (“Live With Me” and “The Last Time”) were previously unreleased on live albums. In 1999, the Rolling Stones staged the No Security Tour in the US and continued the Bridges to Babylon tour in Europe. The No Security Tour offered a stripped-down production in contrast to the pyrotechnics and mammoth stages of other recent tours.
In late 2001, Mick Jagger released his fourth solo album, Goddess in the Doorway (UK 44; US 39) which met with mixed reviews. A month after the September 11 attacks, Jagger and Richards took part in “The Concert for New York City“, performing “Salt of the Earth” and “Miss You” with a backing band.
In 2002, the band released Forty Licks (UK 2; US 2), a greatest hits double album, to mark their forty years as a band. The collection contained four new songs recorded with the latter-day core band of Jagger, Richards, Watts, Wood, Leavell and Jones. The album has sold more than 7 million copies worldwide. The same year, Q magazine named the Rolling Stones as one of the “50 Bands To See Before You Die”, and the 2002–2003 Licks Tour gave people that chance. The tour included shows in small theatres, arenas and stadiums. The band headlined the Molson Canadian Rocks for Toronto concert in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, to help the city – which they have used for rehearsals since the Steel Wheels tour – recover from the 2003 SARS epidemic. The concert was attended by an estimated 490,000 people.
On 9 November 2003, the band played their first concert in Hong Kong as part of the 
On 26 July 2005, Jagger’s birthday, the band announced the name of their new album, A Bigger Bang (UK 2; US 3), their first album in almost eight years. A Bigger Bang was released on 6 September to strong reviews, including a glowing write-up in Rolling Stone magazine. The single “Streets of Love” reached the Top 15 in UK and Europe.
The album included the political “
The subsequent Copacabana beach in Rio de Janeiro.
After performances in Japan, China, Australia and New Zealand in March/April 2006, the Rolling Stones tour took a scheduled break before proceeding to Europe; during this break Keith Richards was hospitalised in New Zealand for cranial surgery after a fall from a tree on 
The Rolling Stones returned to North America for concerts in September 2006, and returned to Europe on 5 June 2007. By November 2006, the Bigger Bang tour had been declared the highest-grossing tour of all time, earning $437 million. The North American leg brought in the third-highest receipts ever ($138.5 million), trailing their own 2005 tour ($162 million) and 
Martin Scorsese filmed on 29 October and 1 November 2006 the Rolling Stones performances at New York City’s Beacon Theatre which was released as the 2008 film Shine a Light; the film also features guest appearances by Buddy Guy, Jack White and Christina Aguilera. An accompanying soundtrack, also titled Shine a Light (UK 2; US 11), was released in April 2008. The album’s debut at number 2 in the UK charts was the highest position for a Rolling Stones concert album since Get Yer Ya-Ya’s Out! The Rolling Stones in Concert in 1970. At the Beacon Theater show, Music Executive, Ahmet Ertegun fell and ultimately succumbed to his injury.
On 24 March 2007, the band announced a tour of Europe called the “Bigger Bang 2007” tour. 12 June 2007 saw the release of the band’s second four-disc DVD set: 
Mick Jagger released a compilation of his solo work called Rolled Gold: The Very Best of the Rolling Stones, a double-CD remake of the 1975 compilation Rolled Gold; the reissue went to number 26 in the UK charts.
In a 2007 interview with Mick Jagger after nearly two years of touring, Jagger refused to say when the band is going to retire: “I’m sure the Rolling Stones will do more things, more records and more tours, we’ve got no plans to stop any of that, really. As far as I’m concerned, I’m sure we’ll continue.”
In July 2008 it was announced that the Rolling Stones were leaving EMI and signing with Vivendi’s Universal Music, taking with them their catalogue stretching back to Sticky Fingers. New music released by the band while under this contract will be issued through Universal’s Polydor label. Mercury Records will hold the US rights to the pre-1994 material, while the post-1994 material will be handled by Interscope Records (once a subsidiary of Atlantic). Coincidentally, Universal Music is also the distributor for ABKCO, owners of the band’s pre-Sticky Fingers releases.
During the autumn, Mick Jagger and Keith Richards worked with producer Don Was to add new vocals and guitar parts to ten unfinished songs from the Plundered My Soul“.
On 17 April 2010 the band released a limited edition 7-inch vinyl single of the previously unreleased track “Plundered My Soul” in honour of Record Store Day. The track, part of the group’s 2010 re-issue of Exile on Main St., was combined with “All Down the Line” as its B-side.
On 23 April, it was announced that the band would be at Cannes Festival, for the premiere of the documentary 
On 23 May 2010, the re-issue of 
On 11 October 2010, the Stones released Ladies and Gentlemen: The Rolling Stones to the cinemas and later on to DVD. A digitally remastered version of the film was shown in select cinemas across the United States. This live performance was recorded during 4 shows in Ft. Worth and Houston, Texas in support of their The Rolling Stones American Tour 1972 and their album Exile on Main St.. The film was released to cinemas in 1974 but until now it was never available for home release apart from the numerous bootleg copies.
On 4 October 2011, the Stones released The Rolling Stones: Some Girls Live In Texas ’78 to the cinemas and later on to DVD. A digitally remastered version of the film was shown in select cinemas across the United States. This live performance was recorded during one show in Ft. Worth, Texas in support of their US Tour 1978 and their album Some Girls. The film was released in (DVD/Blu-ray Disc) on 15 November 2011.
On 21 November 2011, the Stones reissued their 1978 album No Spare Parts” was released as a single on 13 November, which went to No. 2 on Billboard’s Hot Singles Sales. “So Young” was the second single from the Some Girls reissue, released briefly for free on iTunes the same day “No Spare Parts” was released. A video for “No Spare Parts” was produced and was later released on 19 December 2011.
 2012 and 50th anniversary
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The Rolling Stones celebrated their 50th anniversary in the summer of 2012, and have released a large hardback book, entitled ’50’, in commemoration of the event. A new take on the band’s lip-and-tongue logo was also released and used during the celebrations.
Members have been widely reported as preparing for another world tour in either 2012 or 2013. Speaking in July, Richards confirmed that rehearsals had taken place and Jagger went as far as to speculate that the band may be performing on stage again as soon as autumn 2012.
A free photographic exhibition displaying images of the band was held at Somerset House between 13 July and 27 August.
An 25×5: The Continuing Adventures of the Rolling Stones, which was filmed for their 25th anniversary in 1988.
On 30 August 2012, a title for the new documentary was revealed to be Crossfire Hurricane, a lyric from the Stones’ 1968 hit single, “Jumpin’ Jack Flash”. The film will be theatrically released in the UK in October and will be broadcast on 
On 4 September 2012, the Rolling Stones announced that a new compilation album, 
On 11 October 2012, the Rolling Stones released their new song, “Doom and Gloom”, on their official YouTube channel. The song was officially released in November 2012, and as of 25 November, has reached #61 on the UK Singles Chart.
On 15 October 2012, the Rolling Stones announced via YouTube that they will play concerts on 25 and 29 November 2012, at the O2 Arena in London, UK, and on 13 and 15 December at the Prudential Center in Newark, New Jersey, USA.
On 24 October 2012, the Rolling Stones announced, via their latest Rolling Stone magazine interview, that Bill Wyman, 
On 25 October 2012, the Stones played to about 600 fans in Paris after announcing a surprise gig on 
On 8 November 2012, the Rolling Stones released another new song on their official YouTube channel, “One More Shot”. That evening (in one but last rehearsal session in Paris), they invited 32 fans to watch and listed to the band’s rehearsal activities during some 50 minutes.
On 18 November 2012, the new compilation album, GRRR! debuted at #3 on the UK Albums Chart.
On 20 November 2012, they released their new music video, “Doom and Gloom”. 
On 25 November 2012, after well over five years, the Rolling Stones gave the first of five Anniversary concerts, two in the UK and three in the US, in the London O2 Arena. A crowd of over 20,000 fans, many from all parts of the world, welcomed the band to celebrate their 50th Anniversary. A massive show, that lasted two and half hours, covering 23 songs started with the band’s first 1963 modest hit song “I Wanna Be Your Man“. Due to time regulations they skipped “Lady Jane” and “(I Can’t Get No) Satisfaction” from the original set list. Special guests that evening were Mary J. Blige (“Gimme Shelter“), Jeff Beck (“Going Down“), Wyman (“It’s Only Rock and Roll” and “Honky Tonk Women“) and Mick Taylor (“Midnight Rambler“). Also included were the two news songs “Doom and Gloom” and “One More Shot”. The first of two encore songs was “You Can’t Always Get What You Want” which was opened by the London Youth Choir. This was the first time ever for the Rolling Stones to do this song live with a choir. The next day newspapers stated that the band had to pay a fine for crossing the time limit. The concert was highly praised in the media.
On 29 November 2012, the Stones gave their second UK concert, again in the O2 Arena. The concert was a little shorter in time (avoiding another penalty), but still covered 23 songs, five of them different from the first show. Special guests were now Florence Welch (“Gimme Shelter”), Eric Clapton (“Champagne and Reefer”) and Wyman and Taylor, participating in the same songs as four days earlier. This time, the encore included “(I Can’t Get No) Satisfaction“.
 Musical development
The Rolling Stones are notable in modern popular music for assimilating various musical genres into their own collective sound. Throughout the band’s career, their musical contributions have been marked by a continual reference and reliance on musical styles including blues, rhythm and blues, country, folk, reggae, dance, and cover songs.
 Infusion of American blues
Jagger and Richards shared an admiration of 
Jagger, recalling when he first heard the likes of Chuck Berry, Bo Diddley, Muddy Waters, 
 Early songwriting
Despite the Rolling Stones’ predilection for blues and R&B numbers on their early live setlists, the first original compositions by the band reflected a more wide-ranging interest. The first Jagger/Richards single, “
On the early experience, Richards said, “The amazing thing is that although Mick and I thought these songs were really puerile and kindergarten-time, every one that got put out made a decent showing in the charts. That gave us extraordinary confidence to carry on, because at the beginning songwriting was something we were going to do in order to say to Andrew [Loog Oldham], ‘Well, at least we gave it a try…'”
The writing of the single “The Last Time”, the Rolling Stones’ first major single, proved a turning point. Richards called it “a bridge into thinking about writing for the Stones. It gave us a level of confidence; a pathway of how to do it.” The song was based on a traditional gospel song popularised by the Staple Singers, but the Rolling Stones’ number features a distinctive guitar riff, played by Brian Jones.
 Band members
For 50 years, the Rolling Stones have released over 100 compilation and live albums.
- England’s Newest Hit Makers (1964, US)
- 12 X 5 (1964, US)
- The Rolling Stones, Now! (1965, US)
- Out of Our Heads (1965, US)
- December’s Children (And Everybody’s) (1965, US)
- Aftermath (1966, US)
- Between the Buttons (1967, US)
- Their Satanic Majesties Request (1967)
- Beggars Banquet (1968)
- Let It Bleed (1969)
- Sticky Fingers (1971)
- Exile on Main St. (1972)
- Goats Head Soup (1973)
- It’s Only Rock ‘n Roll (1974)
- Black and Blue (1976)
- Some Girls (1978)
- Emotional Rescue (1980)
- Tattoo You (1981)
- Undercover (1983)
- Dirty Work (1986)
- Steel Wheels (1989)
- Voodoo Lounge (1994)
- Bridges to Babylon (1997)
- A Bigger Bang (2005)
 Concert tours
 Official videography
Officially released films featuring are listed with their original release dates. (The formats mentioned are the most recent versions officially available, not necessarily the original release formats.)
- 1966: Peter Whitehead (released on DVD in 2009 without the Rolling Stones’ music)
- 1968: Jean-Luc Godard (DVD)
- 1969: Stones in the Park (DVD)
- 1970: Gimme Shelter, directed by Blu-ray Disc)
- 1974: Ladies and Gentlemen: The Rolling Stones, directed by Rolin Binzer (see below)
- 1982: Rocks Off and Hal Ashby (DVD)
- 1984: Video Rewind (VHS)
- 1989: 25×5 – The Continuing Adventures of the Rolling Stones (VHS)
- 1992: Julien Temple (DVD)
- 1995: The Rolling Stones: Voodoo Lounge Live (DVD)
- 1996: Michael Lindsay-Hogg (filmed in 1968) (DVD)
- 1998: Bridges to Babylon Tour ’97–98 (DVD)
- 2003: Four Flicks (DVD)
- 2004: Toronto Rocks (DVD)
- 2007: The Biggest Bang (DVD/Blu-ray Disc)
- 2008: Shine a Light, directed by Martin Scorsese, released to theatres in standard and IMAX presentations (DVD/Blu-ray Disc)
- 2009: Blu-ray Disc)
- 2010: Stephen Kijak (DVD)
- 2010: Ladies and Gentlemen: The Rolling Stones, Remastered presentations for the very first time (DVD/Blu-ray Disc) directed by Rolin Binzer
- 2011: Ed Sullivan Shows Starring The Rolling Stones (2 DVD Disc/4 DVD Disc)
- 2011: The Rolling Stones: Some Girls Live In Texas ’78 (DVD/Blu-ray Disc)
- 2012: Muddy Waters & The Rolling Stones Live At The Checkerboard Lounge, Chicago 1981 (1 DVD Disc + 1 CD Disc)
- 2012: Crossfire Hurricane, directed by Brett Morgen
 See also
|Wikipedia books are collections of articles that can be downloaded or ordered in print.|
- The Rolling Stones: Biography. VH1. ©2012 Viacom International Inc. Retrieved 23 May 2012
- . Retrieved 6 September 2010.
- Steven Van Zandt (April 2004). “100 Greatest Artists of All Time – 4 The Rolling Stones”. Rolling Stone. http://www.rollingstone.com/music/lists/5702/31963/31980. Retrieved 2 September 2010.
- “Billboard Hot 100 Chart 50th Anniversary”. Billboard. http://www.billboard.com/bbcom/specials/hot100/charts/top100-artists-20.shtml. Retrieved 1 October 2009.
- “Podcast: Faking It with Yuval Taylor”. http://www.maximumfun.org/shows/sound-young-america (Podcast). http://www.maximumfun.org/.+9 April 2007. http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b00kc752. Retrieved 29 August 2010.
- Holden, Stephen. “Podcast: Faking It with Yuval Taylor”. http://www.nytimes.com (http://www.nytimes.com/). http://topics.nytimes.com/topics/reference/timestopics/organizations/r/rolling_stones/index.html. Retrieved 4 May 2011.
- “Biography of the Stones”. Stonesplanet.com. http://www.stonesplanet.com/biography.htm. Retrieved 6 September 2010.
- . Retrieved 6 June 2006.
- . Retrieved 1 June 2006.
- Jagger, Richards, Watts, Wood 2003. p. 42
- “Rolling Stones Biography”. All Media Guide. http://www.allmusic.com/artist/p5298. Retrieved 21 December 2006.
- Wyman 2002. pp. 40–41, pp. 44–45
- Jagger, Richards, Watts, Wood 2003. p. 50-51
- Oldham 2000. p. 223
- page 16, MojoClassic Vol 1 No. 12
- Wyman 2002. pp. 56–57
- Wyman 1990. pp. 135–136
- Bockris 1992. p. 63
- Oldham 2000. p. 222
- Oldham 2000. pp. 222–225
- Oldham 2000. p. 205, 212
- Jagger, Richards, Watts, Wood 2003. p. 68
- Oldham 2000. pp. 209–210, 212
- . Retrieved 23 February 2008.
- Oldham 2000. p. 252-3
- Oldham 2000. p. 2133
- Ian McPherson. “Jack Nitzche ” I’d just been doing sessions, 3 hours to get the tunes down. Working with the Stones made sense right away. Booked studio time for 24 hours a day for two weeks and if you didn’t get it, fuck it.””. Timeisonourside.com. http://timeisonourside.com/chron1964.html. Retrieved 4 April 2011.
- Oldham 2000. p. 205
- Wyman 1990. p. 136
- Wyman 1990. p. 133
- Billboard Nov 6, 1971 p.29
- Bill Wyman, interviewed on the Gary Crowley Show, BBC Radio London, 6 March 2010
- Oldham 2000. p. 221
- “This Day in Music Spotlight: Rolling Stones Riot on Ed Sullivan”. gibson.com. http://www.gibson.com/en-us/Lifestyle/Features/day-in-music-1025/. Retrieved 4 November 2010.
- Outlook Club Advertisement – picturestockton
- Wyman 2002. pp. 80–83
- Oldham 2000. p. 256-7
- Jagger, Richards, Watts, Wood 2003. p. 84
- Wyman 2002. p. 126
- “The Hollywood Palace”TV.com. Retrieved 1 June 2007.
- Wyman 2002. pp. 128–129
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- Jagger, Richards, Watts, Wood 2003. p. 88
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- . Retrieved 30 March 2008.
- Wyman 2002. p. 159
- Wyman 2002. pp. 164–165, p. 171
- Wyman 2002. p. 166
- Jagger, Richards, Watts, Wood 2003. p. 95
- Wyman 2002. p. 187
- Wyman 2002. p. 195
- Wyman 2002. p. 256
- Mark Paytress: ‘The Rolling Stones: Off The Record’ (Omnibus Press, 2003), p.116
- . Retrieved 19 October 2010.
- Jagger, Richards, Watts, Wood 2003. p. 112
- Wyman 2002. pp. 264–265
- Jagger, Richards, Watts, Wood 2003. p. 113
- Wyman 2002. p. 268
- Wyman 2002. pp. 278–282
- Janovitz, Bill. The Rolling Stones “We Love You”. allmusic. 2007 . Retrieved 1 June 2007.
- Wyman 2002. p. 286
- Wyman 2002. pp. 292–293, p. 299
- Wyman 2002. p. 290
- Wyman 2002. pp. 296–298
- Jagger, Richards, Watts, Wood 2003. p. 114
- Jagger, Richards, Watts, Wood 2003. p. 128
- The Rolling Stones (1969). The Stones in the Park (DVD released 2006). Network Studios.
- , Rolling Stone, 7 February 1970, URL retrieved 18 April 2007
- . Rolling Stone. 12 November 1970 . Retrieved 28 April 2007.
- “Reviews – The Rolling Stones” Robert Christgau. Retrieved 30 August 2007.
- AMG, 2007. Retrieved 16 October 2007.
- Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. The Rolling Stones “Goats Head Soup”. allmusic. 2007 . Retrieved 17 June 2007.
- Wyman 2002. p. 408
- Wyman 2002. p. 361
- Wyman 2002. p. 412
- “Mick Taylor Biography” allmusic. Retrieved 25 June 2007.
- James, Gary. “Gary James’ Interview With Mick Taylor of the Rolling Stones”. http://www.classicbands.com/MickTaylorInterview.html. Retrieved 21 February 2008.
- Smith, Curtis. “Why Mick Taylor Quit the Stones” micktaylor.net. Retrieved 25 June 2007.
- Obrecht, Jas: “Mick Taylor: Ex-Rolling Stones On His Own”, page 20. Guitar World, February 1980
- Jagger, Richards, Watts, Wood 2003. p. 174.
- Greenspan, Edward (editor), Regina v. Richards 49 C.C.C. (2d), Canadian Criminal Cases (1980), Canada Law Book. p. 518
- Sandford, Christopher. Keith Richards: Satisfaction, Caroll & Graf: New York, 2003, p. 225
- Greenspan, Edward (editor), Regina v. Richards 49 C.C.C. (2d), Canadian Criminal Cases (1980), Canada Law Book. p. 517–27
- Sandford, Christopher. Keith Richards: Satisfaction, Caroll & Graf: New York, 2003, p. 227
- Sandford, Christopher. Keith Richards: Satisfaction, Caroll & Graf: New York, 2003, p. 232-3, 248–250
- “Seventies and Eighties”. Telegraph (London). 1 August 2003. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/1400291/Seventies-and-Eighties.html. Retrieved 2 August 2010.
- . Retrieved 1 June 2006.
- 25×5 – The Continuing Adventures of the Rolling Stones
- Sir Mick Jagger returns to UK singles chart BBC. Retrieved 12 March 2012
- Whitburn, Joel (2006). The Billboard Book of Top 40 Hits. Billboard Books
- Christopher Sandford (1999). “Mick Jagger: primitive cool”. p.268. Cooper Square Press. Retrieved 4 December 2011
- Jagger, Richards, Watts, Wood 2003. p. 247
- The Rolling Stones: inducted in 1989 The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum. Retrieved 4 December 2011
- McPherson, Ian. “The Rolling Stones Chronicle: 1993”. http://www.timeisonourside.com/chron1993.html. Retrieved 21 March 2011.
- “Voodoo Lounge” AMG, 2007. Retrieved 3 September 2007.
- Rolling Stones Live on Internet: Both a Big Deal and a Little Deal. The New York Times, 22 November 1994.
- Nigel Williamson (5 December 2003). “Alive and kicking”. London: Arts.guardian.co.uk. http://arts.guardian.co.uk/fridayreview/story/0,,1099640,00.html. Retrieved 6 September 2010.
- “Some US retailers join Stones boycott” CNN, November 2003. Retrieved 14 June 2007.
- More names join UK Music Hall Of Fame NME. Retrieved 4 December 2011
- “A Bigger Bang: Review” Rolling Stone, 22 September 2005. Retrieved 14 June 2007.
- “Stones ‘slate Bush’ in album song” BBC News, 2005. Retrieved 16 October 2007.
- CNN News, 2005. Retrieved 27 November 2007.
- “Keith Richards and the Fiji fall: The mystery deepens” Uncut. Retrieved 5 October 2007.
- “Kiwi Doctor Rolls with the Stones”. Sunday Star Times. 10 February 2008. http://www.stuff.co.nz/stuff/4395738a1860.html. Retrieved 5 March 2008.
- DPA (14 June 2006). “After the tree… it’s rehab”. The Sydney Morning Herald. http://www.smh.com.au/articles/2006/06/14/1149964607303.html. Retrieved 17 May 2007.
- Larkin, Adrian (20 June 2006). “Rolling Stones gig latest”. BBC 6. http://www.bbc.co.uk/6music/news/20060620_stones.shtml. Retrieved 18 May 2007.
- “The Rolling Stones Europe 2006”. The Rolling Stones Fan Club of Europe. http://www.iorr.org/tour05/tour06.htm.
- “Stones Roll Over U2 To Claim Highest Grossing Concert Tour” All Headline News, 29 November 2006
- “Shine A Light”Internet Movie Database, 16 January 2007
- Weiner, Tim (15 December 2006). “Ahmet Ertegun, Music Executive, Dies at 83”. nytimes.com. http://www.nytimes.com/2006/12/15/arts/music/15ertegun.html?_r=1&ex=1323838800&en=e9a65dbf5a97c5b4&ei=5088&partner=rssnyt&emc=rss. Retrieved 20 March 2012.
- “Rolling Stones’ Tour Breaks Attendance Records”. Huliq.com. http://www.huliq.com/37065/rolling-stones-tour-breaks-attendance-records. Retrieved 4 April 2011.
- “2010: Who Will Tour?”. Melodic Rock Concerts. http://melodicrockconcerts.com/2009/10/28/2010-who-will-tour/. Retrieved 6 September 2010.
- “Stones Planning 23rd Album” Contact Music, 28 March 2008
- Yahoo! News, 25 July 2008. Retrieved 25 July 2008.
- “The Rolling Stones to release “Plundered My Soul” for Record Store Day at independent.co,uk”. The Independent (UK). 10 April 2010. http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/music/the-rolling-stones-to-release-ldquoplundered-my-soulrdquo-for-record-store-day-1940947.html. Retrieved 6 September 2010.
- Chagollan, Steve (15 May 2010). “Re-issue of Stones album spawns Cannes docu”. Variety. http://www.variety.com/article/VR1118019350.html?categoryid=16&cs=1.
- El Universal Spanish  “Rolling Stones se uniran a las estrellas en la meca del cine europeo”
- “Archive Chart”. Theofficialcharts.com. 29 May 2010. http://www.theofficialcharts.com/archive-chart/_/3/2010-05-29/. Retrieved 6 September 2010.
- . Retrieved 6 September 2010.
- Rambler, Midnight (12 August 2010). “Ladies and Gentlemen to Hit Cinemas across the Globe”. Rollingstones.com. http://www.rollingstones.com/news/ladies-and-gentlemen-hit-cinemas-across-globe. Retrieved 6 September 2010.
- “The Rolling Stones – Some Girls, Live in Texas ’78”. http://www.eagle-rock.com/news/2D3722/The+Rolling+Stones+-+Some+Girls,+Live+in+Texas+’78. Retrieved 3 December 2011.
- The Rolling Stones 50: Win a signed copy of the official book celebrating the Stones’ 50th anniversary – Daily Mirror
- Keith Richards: Rolling Stones are rehearsing – BBC News Online
- Mick Jagger: Rolling Stones to perform later this year – Rollingtimes.org
- The Rolling Stones announce documentary chronicling their 50 year career – rollingstones.com
- Bill Wyman in Rolling Stones HBO programme – billwyman.com
- Rolling Stones Documentary Coming to HBO in Fall – rollingstone.com
- Crossfire Hurricane – A New Film From The Rolling Stones – rollingstones.com
- Rolling Stones to Play London and Brooklyn in November – rollingtimes.org
- The Rolling Stones announce a 50th anniversary greatest hits album, ‘GRRR!’ – rollingtimes.org
- GRRR! The Rolling Stones announce greatest hits album – rollingstones.com
- The Rolling Stones to attend London premiere of Crossfire Hurricane – rollingstones.com
- “The Rolling Stones – Doom And Gloom (Lyric Video)”. YouTube. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rPFGWVKXxm0&feature=share. Retrieved 2012-11-10.
- Rolling Stones announce upcoming concert dates in London and New York – Rollingtimes.org
- . Retrieved 2012-11-10.
- “Rolling Stones to Reunite with Bill Wyman, Mick Taylor and Dave Navarro for O2 Shows – New York Music News”. New York Music News. 21 November 2012. http://nymn.com/rolling-stones-to-reunite-with-bill-wyman-and-mick-taylor-for-o2-shows-new-york-music-news//. Retrieved 21 November 2012.
- “play surprise gig in Paris”. The Rolling Stones. 2012-10-25. http://www.rollingstones.com/2012/10/25/the-rolling-stones-play-surprise-gig-in-paris/. Retrieved 2012-11-10.
- “Rolling Stones play surprise gig in Paris”. BBC News. 26 October 2012. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/entertainment-arts-20093132.
- “The Rolling Stones – One More Shot – OFFICIAL Audio Video”. YouTube. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iecBKNWn6hc&feature=plcp. Retrieved 2012-11-10.
- “The Rolling Stones – Doom And Gloom”. YouTube. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1DWiB7ZuLvI. Retrieved 2012-11-20.
- Jagger, Richards, Watts, Wood 2003. p. 41
- Davin SeayMick Jagger:The Story Behind the Rolling Stone. York: Birch Lane Press, 1993.
- Robert Gordon. Can’t Be Satisfied New York: Little, Brown and Company, 2002
- “Can Blue Men Play The Whites?”. Blues Britannia. BBC4. 3 May 2009. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-7B9tPuIP-w. Retrieved 29 May 2010.
- “Tell Me”allmusic. Retrieved 14 December 2007.
- Wenner, Jann. “Jagger Remembers”. Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 22 June 2008. http://web.archive.org/web/20080622012856/http://www.rollingstone.com/news/coverstory/mick_jagger_remembers. Retrieved 14 December 2006.
- “As Tears Go By”allmusic. Retrieved 14 December 2007.
- Jagger, Richards, Watts, Wood 2003. p. 85
 Further reading
- Egan, Sean (2006), The Rough Guide to the Rolling Stones, London: Penguin, ISBN 1-84353-719-2, http://www.amazon.com/Rough-Guide-Rolling-Stones-Reference/dp/1843537192
- Paytress, Mark (2003), Rolling Stones : off the record, London ; New York: Omnibus, http://books.google.ca/books?id=toSbe1xQxToC&lpg=PP1&dq=The%20Rolling%20Stones&lr&client=firefox-a&pg=PP1#v=onepage&q&f=true
- Forget, Thomas (2003), The Rolling Stones, New York, NY: Rosen Central, http://books.google.ca/books?id=k27BVJZzIwoC&lpg=PP1&dq=The%20Rolling%20Stones&lr&client=firefox-a&pg=PP1#v=onepage&q&f=true
- Sanchez, Tony (1996), Up and down with the Rolling Stones, New York: Da Capo, http://books.google.ca/books?id=GFbmlEEPkG4C&lpg=PP1&dq=The%20Rolling%20Stones&lr&client=firefox-a&pg=PP1#v=onepage&q&f=true
- Miller, Jim (1980), The Rolling Stone illustrated history of rock & roll : the definitive history of the most important artists and their music, New York: Random House, http://books.google.ca/books?id=W2a27GxUe-sC&lpg=RA1-PA1&dq=The%20Rolling%20Stones&lr&client=firefox-a&pg=PA1931#v=onepage&q&f=true
- Hector, James (1995), The complete guide to the music of the Rolling Stones, London: Omnibus, http://books.google.ca/books?id=b2b3HmK4bOoC&lpg=PP1&dq=The%20Rolling%20Stones&lr&client=firefox-a&pg=PP1#v=onepage&q&f=true
- Gered Mankowitz: The Rolling Stones – Out of Their Heads. Photographs 1965–67 and 1982, ISBN 3-89602-664-X
- ISBN 0-394-53488-3)
- Stanley Booth, Keith: Standing in the Shadows, St. Martin’s Press (1995), ISBN 0-312-11841-4
- Wyman, Bill, Rolling with the Stones, DK Publishing (2002), ISBN 0-7894-9998-3
- ISBN 0-517-52641-7
- Robert Greenfield, S.T.P.: A Journey Through America with the Rolling Stones (1974), Reissued Da Capo Press, 2002. ISBN 0-306-81199-5
- James Phelge, Nankering with the Stones 2000. ISBN 1-55652-373-4
- The Rolling Stones, According to the Rolling Stones, Chronicle Books (2003), ISBN 0-8118-4060-3
- ISBN 0-312-27094-1
- Chet Flippo, On the Road With the Rolling Stones, Doubleday/Dolphin (1985), ISBN 0-385-19374-2
- ISBN 0-674-21858-2
- “The Ecstasy and the Irony: The Evolution of a Rhythm & Blues Band” Ian McPherson (2000)
- ISBN 0-316-11309-3
- Richards, Keith; Fox, James (2010). Life. Weidenfeld & Nicolson. ISBN 978-0-297-85439-5.
- ISBN 978-1-59240-655-5
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